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Protais Mpiranya

Recent news reports from Zimbabwe say he was seen in that country as recently as 2008.

On April 8, 1994, as Rwandan extremists were launching a bloody campaign of ethnic cleansing, the nation's prime minister went to a radio station in the capital Kigali hoping to broadcast a call for public calm and reconciliation. But the message was never delivered because the station had been seized by the Presidential Guard, an elite unit of the Rwandan Army commanded by Protais Mpiranya.

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Protais Mpiranya
Protais Mpiranya

The next day, the prime minister was killed by members of the Guard, along with ten Belgian peacekeepers detailed as her bodyguard.

The killings raged for more than 100 days and the Guard was a major driving force. An International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was established to call into account those former military and government officials responsible for the genocide, but Mr. Mpiranya and many others fled and remain at large. He is wanted for taking part in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Recent news reports from Zimbabwe say he was seen in that country as recently as 2008, and the government there is seeking information leading to his whereabouts or capture.

The United States is cooperating with other governments, the United Nations and ICTR to make it harder for Mr. Mpiranya and the others to continue to elude justice.

Toward that end, the U.S. has renewed an offer of a reward of up to $5 million for information leading to his arrest. He may be using the aliases Theophase Mahuku or James Kakule. He is believed to be involved in business activities and said to be very mobile.

If you or anyone you know has information on his activities and whereabouts, it can be provided with complete confidentiality. You may contact the nearest U.S. embassy or within the DRC you can call (081-715-2501) and internationally (243-81-715-2501). Also by email at rewardsforjusticeDRC at yahoo dot com or on the Internet at www dot rewardsforjustice dot net slash warcrimes.

The U.S. guarantees that all reports will be investigated and the identity of all informants will be kept confidential. If appropriate, the U.S. is prepared to protect informants by relocating them.